How to Ask the Right Questions During a Cyber Interview

Cyber Interview Process

How to Ask the Right Questions to Assess an Organization’s Security Posture During an Interview

Assessing an organization’s security posture is crucial for understanding its commitment to cybersecurity. During an interview, asking the right questions can help you gauge how important security is to the organization, its security maturity level, how operationalized its cybersecurity practices are, whether it is recovering from a breach, and its security investments. This blog post provides a comprehensive guide on how to frame these questions effectively to obtain valuable insights.

Determining the Importance of Security to the Organization

Understanding how seriously an organization takes security is fundamental. Here are key questions to ask:


    • What role does cybersecurity play in your organization?

This question helps you understand the organization’s view on the significance of cybersecurity in its overall strategy.

    • Can you describe your organization’s security policy and its importance?

This question aims to reveal whether there is a formal security policy and how integral it is to daily operations.

    • How does your executive team prioritize cybersecurity?

Assess the level of commitment and support from top management.

Assessing the Security Maturity Level

Evaluating the maturity of an organization’s security practices can indicate how well-established and effective their security measures are.


    • What security frameworks or standards does your organization follow?

Frameworks such as ISO 27001, NIST, or CIS can indicate a mature security posture.

    • How often do you conduct security audits and assessments?

Regular audits and assessments are signs of a proactive security approach.

    • Can you describe your risk management process?

This question helps gauge how the organization identifies, evaluates, and mitigates risks.

Evaluating How Operationalized Cybersecurity Practices Are

Operationalized security means integrating security practices into daily operations. Here’s how to evaluate it:


    • How is security integrated into your software development lifecycle (SDLC)?

Integration of security in SDLC, such as DevSecOps, shows a proactive approach.

    • What tools and technologies do you use for threat detection and response?

This question assesses the sophistication of the tools and technologies in use.

    • How do you ensure continuous security monitoring?

Continuous monitoring indicates ongoing vigilance against threats.

Identifying If They Are Recovering from a Breach

Understanding an organization’s current status regarding breaches can give you insights into its resilience and transparency.


    • Has your organization experienced a security breach in the past? If so, how did you handle it?

This question assesses transparency and their incident response capabilities.

    • What steps have you taken to prevent future breaches?

Look for lessons learned and improvements made post-breach.

    • Can you describe your incident response plan?

A robust incident response plan indicates preparedness and resilience.

Understanding Security Investments

Investment in security reflects the organization’s commitment to protecting its assets and data.


    • What percentage of your IT budget is allocated to cybersecurity?

This question helps quantify the financial commitment to security.

    • What are your recent or planned investments in cybersecurity technologies?

Identify if the organization is investing in modern and effective security solutions.

    • How do you measure the ROI of your cybersecurity investments?

Understanding how they evaluate the effectiveness of their investments is crucial.

Asking the right questions during an interview can provide deep insights into an organization’s security posture. By focusing on the importance of security, maturity level, operationalization, breach recovery, and security investments, you can better assess how well-prepared the organization is to handle cybersecurity challenges. These questions not only help in understanding the current state of security but also in identifying areas for improvement and investment.

Effective questioning is a critical skill for anyone involved in cybersecurity. Whether you are a job seeker, a consultant, or a potential partner, understanding the security landscape of an organization is essential for making informed decisions and fostering a secure environment.